Kolumam (Kozhumam) Kottai Mariamman Temple, Madathukulam – கொழுமம், கோட்டை மாரியம்மன் கோவில் திருவிழா ,

Kozhumam, located in the present-day Tiruppur district was once ruled by a Kongu Chola king named Kumanan.

Thus it was called as “Kuzhumoor” and later it got modified into Kozhumam.

Kozhumam was on one of the ancient trade routes called Peruvali which ran from Kodungaloor in Kerala through Palghat pass along the Amaravathi river connecting to Madurai and ending in Kodiyakarai.

Many Roman guilds and existence of an ancient civilization are excavated near Kozhumam. However, this place remains as just another village at present

Kozhumam is a fertile village located in the banks of the river Amaravathi, a tributary of Cauvery.

Kozhumam as any other ancient village of Kongu naadu in medieval India houses Mariamman temple, a Shiva temple and a Vishnu temple

கோட்டை மாரியம்மன் கோவில் திருவிழா ,கொழுமம்

மடத்துக்குளம் வட்டம் , திருப்பூர் மாவட்டம்

தேதி நேரம் நிகழ்ச்சி
சித்திரை 5
6:00 மணி இரவு நோம்பு சாட்டு ,
கம்பம் நடுதல்
சித்திரை 16
10:00 மணி இரவு திருக்கம்பத்தில்
கோவில் பூ வோடு
சித்திரை 17
9:00 மணி இரவு திருக்கம்பத்தில்
கோவில் பூ வோடு
சித்திரை 18
9:00 மணி இரவு திருக்கம்பத்தில்
கோவில் பூ வோடு,
அம்மன் ஊஞ்சல்
சித்திரை 19
12:00 மணி இரவு திருக்கல்யாணம்
பக்தர்கள் பூ வோடு
சித்திரை 20
10:00 மணி இரவு சுவாமி புறப்பாடு
சித்திரை 21
9:45 மணி இரவு மஞ்சள் நீராட்டு
சுவாமி மண்டகப்படி புறப்பாடு
சித்திரை 28
10:00 மணி இரவு மகா அபிஷேகம்

Kottai Mariamman temple History

This temple is at least 500 years old. As per the temple history, once a fisherman found a stone entangled in his net while he was fishing in the Amaravathi River. He has thrown away on the banks and continued fishing but the same stone came in his net often.

Frustrated he left for his home. The same night, Mariamman appeared in his dreams and conveyed that it was she who appeared in the form of lingam in his dreams. Later, the village people started worshiping Mariamman as their protecting deity.

  • Mariamman is still in the lingam form without any sculpture form. Thus it is Swayambu form.
  • Since the temple is located on a high place like a fort(Kottai). This temple is called as Kottai Mariamman koil.

Neaby Temples

Thandeswarar temple

Once the king wanted to make a Natrajar idol similar to that of in Chidambaram and requested his sculptor. Even after trying twice, the sculptor failed to make the idol. King on knowing this gets furious and ordered that if he cannot make the perfect idol he would be slaughtered. Frustrated sculptor prayed Shiva let he die in the hands of Shiva than the king. Shiva pleased by the sculptor’s plead, he himself turned into a beautiful Natarajar idol.

  • Since Natarjar appeared in the dancing(thandava) form, Shiva in this temple is called as Thandeswarar.
  • As the Natarajar is a replica of Ananda thandava Natrajar of Chidambram, this temple is called as Then Chidambaram.
  • Surprisingly, Jyesta devi is found along with his children opposite to the Periya nayaki Ambal shrine.
  • Dakshinamoorthy in this temple is found with just two disciples rather than the common four disciples. Even the two disciples are seen in penance.
  • Interestingly, Kongu style deepasthambam is not seen but the normal Kodi maram is seen like other temples.

Kalyana Varadarajar temple

Once severe drought affected this area, to save the country, the king built up a Perumal temple on the banks of Amaravathi river close to the Shiva temple. Moreover, every Kongu nadu villages have a Shiva temple and Vishnu temple close-by. It is customary to build a Perumal temple on the banks of river bodies to save the village in Kongu nadu. Inscriptions in this temple dates back to 13th century.

  • Perumal is in standing posture like in Kanchipuram without his consorts. Hence he is called as Varadarajar.
  • Thaayar Vedavalli is facing east to the right of the Perumal shrine.
  • Hanuman is seen facing Northwest, direction of his father Vaayu. Sudarsana chakra is seen above Hanuman which is not usually seen in other temples. It is believed that Veda Vyasa worshiped this Hanuman.
  • Unlike Shiva temple, Kongu style deepasthambam is seen.
  • Interestingly, archana for thaayar is done with Vilwa leaves which is uncommon.

Kozhumam in Sanskrit was called as Sankara-Rama-Nallur indicating the harmony of Saivism and Vaishnavism. Sthala vriksham for both Shiva and Perumal temple is Vilwa which is unusual. Kozhumam is unique among other Kongu villages.

Author Credit : Makesh-Balasubramani