Coimbatore Culture

What is special about Coimbatore:

     The Coimbatore surrounding regions are ruled by chera dynasty.  In Tamil one of the five major silapathikaram and other poems in sangam literature tells about kongu nadu (Coimbatore District).  

In the middle of Roman trade route the region including extended from muziris to Arikamedu.  Major sections of Tamil Nadu came under the administration of Vijayanagar empire in the 15th century.  In 17th century, the Vijayanagar empire fell, the Madurai Nayaks founded their state as an single kingdom. 

There Nayaks introduced the palayakkarar system.  After 18th century, the administration came under the mysore kingdom, following a many wars with the Madurai Nayaks. 

In the Anglo mysuru wars, Tipu sultan was defeated, then British east India company annexed their city to the madras presidency in 1799.  The Coimbatore region played a significance role in the second poligar war in 1801. 

Coimbatore was established as the capital of the newly formed district in 1804.  The district compared to the districts Erode, Tiruppur, Nilgiri and sections of karur; Palakkad and Chamarajanagar districts of Kerala and Karnataka respectively.  The region played an important role in the Indian Independence movement.  The district has seen fast growth due to industrialization, after Independence.

The Annamalai wildlife sanctuary is 88 km in the western ghats more than 20% of the district is classify as forest.  Here mettupalayam range is rich in sandalwood trees and bamboo.  


     Art, dance and musical entertainments are held annually during the Tamil month margazhi.  The world classical Tamil Conference 2010 was held in kovai.   There are many Hindu temples in the district including 

  • the patteswarar temple at perur,
  • venkatesa perumal temple,
  • Nagu sai mandir,
  • konniamman temple,
  • Thandu marriamman temple,
  • masani Amman kovil,
  • Then Tirupathi,
  • Vana Bathrakali Amman temple,
  • Ranganathar temple at karamadai,etc

.  The mosques on oppanakara street and Big Bazaar street in Coimbatore.  Christians wanted to build a church. So, the asked permission to the Nayak rulers, the gave permission and after that , they built small church in karumathampatti in 1647.

coimbatore famous food:

     Coimbatore is predominantly south Indian with rice as its base.  Many other restaurants serving food in banana leaf.  The well known hotel in coimbatore is famous for special taste of sambar.  It’s name is Annapoorna Gowri shankar Hotel.  Among the local people, Biriyani is  the most popular one.

Education hub of south india:

     Coimbatore is an famous educational place of south India.  According to 2010 census, kovai has 7 universities, 78 engineering colleges, 3 medical colleges, 2dental colleges, 35 polytechnics, 150 arts and science colleges and schools.  The first college opened in the district was Government art college (1875-76). 

The forest college and research institute was opened in 1916.  The first engineering college in the city was started by G.D. Naidu later it became the Government college of Technology.

PSG college of Technology was founded in later 1951.  The Air force administrative college was established in 1949.  Coimbatore institute of technology (CIT) was started in 1950s. 

Salim Ali Centre for ornithology and Natural History was opened in 1990.  In 1867, the first group of students appeared for the SSLC examinations from Coimbatore districts.


     The southwestern and northern sections have splendid climate all throughout the year. The Palghat gap, connecting Coimbatore city and Palakkad city.  The rest of the districs located in the rain shadow region of the western ghats. The annual rainfall of the city varies from 550 to 900 mm.

Rivers and waterfalls:

     The major rivers flowing through the districts are Bhavani, Noyyal, Amaravathi, Kousika rivers and aliyar

The siruvani dam is the main source of drinking water for Coimbatore. 

It is also known very tasty water. 

Waterfalls in Coimbatore as follows: chinnakallar falls, monkey falls, sengupathi falls, siruvani waterfalls, Thirumoorthy falls and Nideki falls.

Local Government:

     Coimbatore is  divided into two revenue blocks namely Coimbatore and Pollachi and ten taluks.

They are Annur, Anaimalai, Coimbatore, North taluk, Coimbatore south taluk, kinathukadavu, madukkarai, mettupalayam, perur, Pollachi, sulur and valparai.  The district collector is the administrator of this district. 

The central prison of the district is situated in kovai.  The 3 parliamentary constitutency of the district are, Coimbatore, Pollachi and nilgiris. 

In their district assembly segments are included namely, Coimbatore North, Coimbatore south, kaundampalayam, singanallur, sulur, Thodamuthur, Pollachi,kinathukadavu, valparai, udumalpet, madathukulam and mettupalayam.

Economic Affairs:

     Coimbatore is a  home for 25,000 small, medium and large industries with primary industries being engineering and textiles.  Coimbatore is known as “Manchester of south India owing to its excess textile Industry. 

It has two special economic zones (SEZ), CHIL at saravanampatti and Tidel park near peelamedu.  Coimbatore is the highest Income earning in Tamil Nadu.  It experienced very well known textile booms in the 1920s and 1930s. 

Coimbatore has trade associations are CODISSIA, COINDIA, SITRA and cojewell Indicating industries in the city. 

Kovai also has a160,000 square feet trade ground, it was set up in 1999. As by Limca Book of Record, CODISSIA is also known as the country is pillar free hall. 

SITRA is also based in Coimbatore.  Next to Chennai , Coimbatore is the second largest software producer in Tamil Nadu.

IT and BPO industry in the city has grown greatly with the launch of TIDEL park.

 Among the global outsourcing cities it has ranked in 17th place. 

SITRA and large number of engineering colleges producing about 50,000 engineers annually Coimbatore is one of the the major manufactures of automobile components in India. 

Kovai is also referred as “the pump city” as its manufacturing large number of motors and pump for the country.  

The largest exports of jewellery also occurs in the districts.

It is also a one of the diamond cutting centers in south india.

Their district is a home for poultry farms and one of the major producer of chicken eggs.

 For e-commerce in south india the Coimbatore is the largest non-metro city.