Thirukalukundram is a town in the Chengalpattu district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located at 13.02°N 79.83°E, about 60 kilometers (37 miles) south of the state capital, Chennai. Thirukalukundram is situated on the banks of the Palar River, a tributary of the Bay of Bengal.
Thirukalukundram has a long history dating back to the Sangam era. The town is mentioned in several ancient Tamil texts, including the Sangam literature.
In the 10th century CE, the Chola king, Rajaraja I, built the Thirukalukundram Fort, which is one of the most important historical sites in the town. The fort is now a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Thirukalukundram is located at an elevation of 11 meters (36 feet) above sea level. The town is situated on the banks of the Palar River, a tributary of the Bay of Bengal. The soil is predominantly alluvial, suitable for cultivating rice, sugarcane, and other crops.
According to the 2011 Indian census, Thirukalukundram had a population of 36,600 people. The majority of the population is Hindu, with a small minority of Muslims and Christians. The town is multilingual, with Tamil being the official language and the most widely spoken language. Telugu, Kannada, and Urdu are also spoken by significant minorities.
Thirukalukundram is a major center for agriculture, textiles, and manufacturing. The town is known for its rice, sugarcane, and banana crops. Thirukalukundram is also a major hub for the production of textiles, garments, and engineering goods.
Thirukalukundram has a number of schools and colleges. The town is home to the Government Arts College Thirukalukundram, which is affiliated with the University of Madras.
Thirukalukundram has a rich culture and heritage. The town is home to a number of temples, festivals, and traditions. The town is also known for its handicrafts, which include pottery, weaving, and wood carving.
Thirukalukundram is a popular destination for domestic tourism. The town is home to a number of historical and religious sites, as well as a number of natural attractions.
Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Thirukalukundram include:
- Thirukalukundram Fort: This fort is one of the most important historical sites in the town. It was built in the 10th century CE by the Chola king, Rajaraja I.
- Thirukalukundram Temple: This temple is dedicated to the Hindu god, Vishnu. It is one of the 108 Divya Desams, or holy places, dedicated to Vishnu.
- Palar River: This river is a popular spot for boating and fishing.
- Adhiparasakthi Temple: This temple is dedicated to the Hindu goddess, Adhiparasakthi. It is a popular pilgrimage destination.
Overall, Thirukalukundram is a fascinating town with a rich history and culture. The temples, fort, river, and temples make it a popular destination for locals and tourists alike.
Here are some specific answers to your questions about Thirukalukundram:
- Pin code: The pin code for Thirukalukundram is 603306.
- Weather: Thirukalukundram has a tropical savanna climate, with hot and humid summers and warm, dry winters. The average temperature ranges from 25 to 35 degrees Celsius (77 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Best time to visit: The best time to visit Thirukalukundram is from October to March.
- Nearest airport: The nearest airport is the Chennai International Airport, which is about 45 kilometers (28 miles) away.
- Transportation: Thirukalukundram is well-connected by road and rail. The town is situated on the National Highway NH45, which connects Chennai to Kanyakumari. Thirukalukundram also has a railway station on the Chennai-Tuticorin line.
- Accommodation: Thirukalukundram has a number of hotels and lodges to accommodate visitors.
- Things to do: There are a number of things to do in Thirukalukundram, including visiting temples, boating on the Palar River, and visiting the Adhiparasakthi temple.