Thambaram is a suburb of Chennai Tamil Nadu, India. It is located at 13.07°N 80.23°E, about 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of the city center. Thambaram is situated on the banks of the Adyar River, a tributary of the Cooum River.
Thambaram has a long history dating back to the Sangam era. The town is mentioned in several ancient Tamil texts, including the Sangam literature.
In the 10th century CE, the Chola king, Rajaraja I, built the Thambaram Fort, which is one of the most important historical sites in the town. The fort is now a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Thambaram is located at an elevation of 12 meters (39 feet) above sea level. The town is situated on the banks of the Adyar River, a tributary of the Cooum River. The soil is predominantly alluvial, suitable for cultivating rice, sugarcane, and other crops.
According to the 2011 Indian census, Thambaram had a population of 200,000 people. The majority of the population is Hindu, with a small minority of Muslims and Christians. The town is multilingual, with Tamil being the official language and the most widely spoken language. Telugu, Kannada, and Urdu are also spoken by significant minorities.
Thambaram is a major center for agriculture, textiles, and manufacturing. The town is known for its rice, sugarcane, and banana crops. Thambaram is also a major hub for the production of textiles, garments, and engineering goods.
Thambaram has a number of schools and colleges. The town is home to the Government Arts College Thambaram, which is affiliated with the University of Madras.
Thambaram has a rich culture and heritage. The town is home to a number of temples, festivals, and traditions. The town is also known for its handicrafts, which include pottery, weaving, and wood carving.
Thambaram is a popular destination for domestic tourism. The town is home to a number of historical and religious sites, as well as a number of natural attractions.
Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Thambaram include:
- Thambaram Fort: This fort is one of the most important historical sites in the town. It was built in the 10th century CE by the Chola king, Rajaraja I.
- Thambaram Temple: This temple is dedicated to the Hindu god, Vishnu. It is one of the 108 Divya Desams, or holy places, dedicated to Vishnu.
- Adyar River: This river is a popular spot for boating and fishing.
- Ponneri Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary is home to a variety of wildlife, including elephants, tigers, and leopards.
Overall, Thambaram is a fascinating town with a rich history and culture. The temples, fort, river, and wildlife sanctuary make it a popular destination for locals and tourists alike.
Here are some specific answers to your questions about Thambaram:
- Pin code: The pin code for Thambaram is 600077.
- Weather: Thambaram has a tropical savanna climate, with hot and humid summers and warm, dry winters. The average temperature ranges from 25 to 35 degrees Celsius (77 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Best time to visit: The best time to visit Thambaram is from October to March.
- Nearest airport: The nearest airport is the Chennai International Airport, which is about 20 kilometers (12 miles) away.
- Transportation: Thambaram is well-connected by road and rail. The town is situated on the National Highway NH45, which connects Chennai to Kanyakumari. Thambaram also has a railway station on the Chennai-Tuticorin line.
- Accommodation: Thambaram has a number of hotels and lodges to accommodate visitors.
- Things to do: There are a number of things to do in Thambaram, including visiting temples, boating on the Adyar River, and visiting the Ponneri Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Thambaram is home to a number of temples, including the Thambaram Fort Temple, the Thambaram Amman Temple, and the Thambaram Perumal Temple.
- Thambaram is also a popular destination for birdwatching. The Adyar River is home to a variety of birds.