Maduranthakam is a town in the Chengalpattu district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located at 12.42°N 79.59°E, about 80 kilometers (50 miles) south of the state capital, Chennai. Maduranthakam is situated on the banks of the Palar River, a tributary of the Bay of Bengal.
Maduranthakam has a long history dating back to the Sangam era. The town is mentioned in several ancient Tamil texts, including the Sangam literature.
In the 10th century CE, the Chola king, Rajaraja I, built the Maduranthakam Fort, which is one of the most important historical sites in the town. The fort is now a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Maduranthakam is located at an elevation of 11 meters (36 feet) above sea level. The town is situated on the banks of the Palar River, a tributary of the Bay of Bengal. The soil is predominantly alluvial, suitable for cultivating rice, sugarcane, and other crops.
According to the 2011 Indian census, Maduranthakam had a population of 30,796 people. The majority of the population is Hindu, with a small minority of Muslims and Christians. The town is multilingual, with Tamil being the official language and the most widely spoken language. Telugu, Kannada, and Urdu are also spoken by significant minorities.
Maduranthakam is a major center for agriculture, textiles, and manufacturing. The town is known for its rice, sugarcane, and banana crops. Maduranthakam is also a major hub for the production of textiles, garments, and engineering goods.
Maduranthakam has a number of schools and colleges. The town is home to the Government Arts College Maduranthakam, which is affiliated with the University of Madras.
Maduranthakam has a rich culture and heritage. The town is home to a number of temples, festivals, and traditions. The town is also known for its handicrafts, which include pottery, weaving, and wood carving.
Maduranthakam is a popular destination for domestic tourism. The town is home to a number of historical and religious sites, as well as a number of natural attractions.
Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Maduranthakam include:
- Maduranthakam Fort: This fort is one of the most important historical sites in the town. It was built in the 10th century CE by the Chola king, Rajaraja I.
- Maduranthakam Lake: This lake is a popular spot for boating and picnicking.
- Palar River: This river is a popular spot for boating and fishing.
- Adhiparasakthi Temple: This temple is dedicated to the Hindu goddess, Adhiparasakthi. It is a popular pilgrimage destination.
Overall, Maduranthakam is a fascinating town with a rich history and culture. The temples, fort, lake, river, and temples make it a popular destination for locals and tourists alike.
Here are some specific answers to your questions about Maduranthakam:
- Pin code: The pin code for Maduranthakam is 603306.
- Weather: Maduranthakam has a tropical savanna climate, with hot and humid summers and warm, dry winters. The average temperature ranges from 25 to 35 degrees Celsius (77 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Best time to visit: The best time to visit Maduranthakam is from October to March.
- Nearest airport: The nearest airport is the Chennai International Airport, which is about 45 kilometers (28 miles) away.
- Transportation: Maduranthakam is well-connected by road and rail. The town is situated on the National Highway NH45, which connects Chennai to Kanyakumari. Maduranthakam also has a railway station on the Chennai-Tuticorin line.
- Accommodation: Maduranthakam has a number of hotels and lodges to accommodate visitors.
- Things to do: There are a number of things to do in Maduranthakam, including visiting temples, boating on the Palar River, and visiting the Adhiparasakthi temple.